Omnivision Module V2

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1 Overview

The omnivision module is upgraded with a microcontroller directly mounted on the extension that is responsible of handling the 3 RGB leds; the power of the leds can be set through I2C.
The camera mounted on the extension is an USB 2.0 camera with a maximum resolution of 1280x1024 and a potential framerate of 30 fps. Omnivision module may contain different image sensors depending on shipment date, in particular:

  • the Targus Micro Webcam
  • the Trust SpotLight Pro

The robot frontal camera below can still be used independently since this camera is connected either to the USB OTG or to the USB HOST of the e-puck gumstix extension.

The field of view is up to about 7 degrees over the horizon for the Trust SpotLight Pro, as shown in the following figure:

The same apply for the Targus camera as shown in the following figure:

1.1 Camera specification

Name Targus Micro Webcam AVC05EU Trust SpotLight Pro
Supported resolutions 1280x1024, 640x480, 352x288, 176x144, 160x120 1280x1024, 640x480, 352x288, 176x144, 160x120
Maximum frame rate 30 fps 30 fps

2 Getting started

2.1 1. Software

As with the gumstix extension, a specific firmware must be charged on the e-puck when working with this extension, it can be downloaded from section E-Puck#Standard_firmware. Remember to put the selector in position 10.
The system on the micro sd is the same used for the gumstix extension alone, refer to section for more informations.

2.2 2. Terminal configuration

Execute a terminal program (e.g. minicom) and configure the connection with 115200-8N1. The serial device path should be typically something like "/dev/ttyUSB0". Make sure that the flow control parameter of minicom called "Hardware" is set to "No". Once the boot is terminated login with user=root and password=root.

2.3 3. WiFi

The nano WiFi dongle shipped with the extension board is an Edimax EW-7811Un, based on a Realtek chipset (RTL8192cu). The device isn't recognized automatically at boot, so you need to follow these steps in order to enable and use it:

  1. turn on the robot and login with user=root, password=root
  2. if the WiFi dongle is connected to the USB OTG you need to activate typing ./scripts/gumstix-common/usbenable otg
  3. type insmod 8192cu.ko (the kernel module is located in /home/root); the wifi dongle should be recognized and a wlanX device created
  4. type ifconfig wlanX up (where X is a number) to turn on the device; now the wifi can be configured and used normally

3 RGB leds

The RGB leds can be controlled from the gumstix-side through the I2C (400 KHz). The I2C address is 0x61 and to change the leds state all the values for each led need to be sent as follow: R1, G1, B1, R2, G2, B2, R3, G3, B3.
Once logged in it's possible to execute a demo to pilote all the 3 RGB leds through I2C:

  • type ./demos/omnivision-v2/omnivision-i2c R1 G1 B1 R2 G2 B2 R3 G3 B3 where the Rx,Gx,Bx are the values you would like to set (ranging from 0 to 255)

You can download the source code from the following link omnivision-i2c-clean.c.
It was noticed that when the leds are turned on they can somehow create some reflex in the resulting image; in order to avoid this effect a simple solution would be to put a small piece of black tape on top of them.

Refer to the section for more information about the RGB usage.

4 Camera

If the camera is connected to the USB OTG port you need to issue the following command to enable it (from /home/root/scripts/gumstix-common/ directory):

./usbenable otg

After this command a new device (/dev/video1) should be created automatically.
If the camera is connected to the USB HOST port then the camera is recognized automatically and the device /dev/video1 should be already available.

4.1 Image streaming

You can test and see the camera image using mjpeg-streamer; this tool is already configured with a web server in the system image so you can follow these steps:

  1. configure the network in order to be able to communicate between the gumstix and the computer
  2. issue the following commands:
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/mjpg-streamer/:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
/usr/local/mjpg-streamer/mjpg_streamer -i " -y -d /dev/video1" -o " -p 8090 -w /usr/local/mjpg-streamer/www"
  1. open a browser in the computer and insert the address https://gumstix-ip:8090 where gumstix-ip is the network address assigned to the gumstix

You can use also your phone to access the webserver. The following figure shows an example of a 640x480 image received through the broswer:

For the post-processing of the image refers to the section

4.2 Image grabbing

4.2.1 Video 4 linux

The v4l2grab application can be used to grab an image from the camera with the following command:

./v4l2grab -d /dev/video1 -o image.jpg -f 1 -W 352 -H 288

Currently the maximum resolution is 352x288 from the OTG port, we're working to solve this limitation. From the USB HOST there is no known limitation.

4.2.2 OpenCV

An example demo was implemented to show how to interact with OpenCV and the Omnvision extension. In this demo a color blob is tracked; the target color range need to be passed as argument (HSV color space), the parameters in sequence are: Hmin Hmax Smin Smax Vmin Vmax debugFlag (values between 0 and 255, debugFlag = 0 or 1). The robot is rotated in place to track the detected blob. You can download the source code from the following link
In order to build the code follow these steps:

  1. install the toolchain: sudo apt-get install gcc-arm-linux-gnueabi g++-arm-linux-gnueabi
  2. build using the makefile included in the zip file: make

Before running the application you need to update some libraries on the gumstix system following these steps (this need to be done only once):

  1. configure the network in order to have internet access
  2. update the package manager repo: echo 'src/gz base' > /etc/opkg/base-feed.conf
  3. add arch armv7a-vfp-neon 45 to the file /etc/opkg/arch.conf
  4. opkg update
  5. opkg install libc6
  6. opkg install libstdc++6
  7. optionally you can also remove some warnings related to the update by running the following script

Once the system is updated, you can copy the executable omniOpenCVblobDetection on the gumstix system and run it. Basically with the HSV range you define a target color, then once the application is started you can move the target around the robot and the robot should try to orient towards it.

4.3 Settings

You can modify the camera parameters to better suit your needs, here are the steps to install the v4l2-ctl utility for doing that:

  1. configure internet access
  2. make a copy of the current repo for the package source: mv /etc/opkg/base-feed.conf /dest-dir
  3. add the new repo: echo 'src/gz base' > /etc/opkg/base-feed.conf
  4. issue the command opkg update
  5. place the file v4l-utils_0.8.1-r0.6_armv7a.ipk in the home directory and then issue: opkg install v4l-utils_0.8.1-r0.6_armv7a.ipk

Once you install the utility, you can have a list of all available camera parameters by issueing the command v4l2-ctl -L.
For example to change the saturation you issue the command: v4l2-ctl --device=1 -c saturation=128

5 Charging

The omnivsion module incorporates an additional battery that can be charged with the e-puck battery charger, but it needs cabling (provided together with the extension) as illustrated in the following figures:

6 Extension firmware

The firmware programmed in the microcontroller mounted on the extension is freely available from the following link The project is created with MPLAB IDE from Microchip.